Biodiversity Capacity Building in Malaysia using Information Technology

Malaysia has been classified as one of the 12 countries in the world , known as one of the center of matriarchal megadiversity richness and diversity of natural resources , especially plants. This megadiversiti centers accommodate at least 60 % of various known species in the world. Malaysia is also recognized as one of the main areas of endemism of species in which most of the species found in this country is unique that it could be found in other parts of the world. Various research projects have been funded by government and non-government agencies to collect information upon this valuable knowledge. Bioinformatics Research Group provide tools and materials such as databases and android applications for researchers to manage their data thus increase its accessibility for public viewing. We provide various functionality such as geolocation, data storage, real-time data insertion, bulk data export, data crawler from other websites, taxonomy hierarchy and others.

Malaysian Rice Database (MyRice)

Currently, all the information regarding rice research in Malaysia scattered over many different publications, depositories and databases using various digital and analogue formats regardless funded by whom. Although there are international databases of rice research, they are not linked to geolocation and other basic archival information that researchers need to bring the research further. We present MyRice; a Malaysia online database for researchers and citizen scientists to curate their data.

Johor Biodiversiti Database (JBioDi)

Johor Biodiversity Database (JBioDi) is a system that record the data related to plant species around Johor region and also encouraging civillian to share the data and be the data provider to this database. This database was developed by wildlife officers (Perhilitan), museum, botanical park, private and public institution researchers and also personal party. Calling for person that interested to be the species curator. Each curator has right to contribute one or more plant species.

Malaysia Mangrove

Initially this website was created for Mangrove Langkawi which was under the umbrella of Pusat Penyelidikan Langkawi UKM. A group of researchers lead by Dr Wan Juliana Wan Ahmad from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia have extended their survey to other parts of Peninsular Malaysia mainly in Johor. All the primary data in other parts of Malaysia besides Johor are resulted from the scientific expedition organized by Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia.

Amphibia.my

This site is dedicated to the education and conservation of the reptiles and amphibians of Peninsular Malaysia. BIRG provide technical support on developing such a site for lead researcher Associate Professor Dr Norhayati Ahmad from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia to share reptiles and amphibia occurrences and information. Amphibia.my provide content management system for researchers to curate their data without using programming skills. The site can be viewed at Amphibia.my

Malaysian GBIF Node

Biodiversity data sharing are aimed to be the next big thing not only for the world of biology but also might help in decision making procedure. The fact that the data itself can bring significant changes in so many ways if it was being manipulated can be so intriguing to many biodiversity researchers. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is an organization that focuses on making scientific biodiversity data accessible globally by public.

Johor Marine Biodiversity Database (JMarine)

Malaysia has been heralded as one of the mega-biodiversity countries and yet there is a widening chasm between the generation of biodiversity data and its accessibility. In contrast to the wealth of biodiversity data in Malaysia, there is a dearth of catalogues and databases that house biodiversity information in a manner that is accessible across the web befitting the current global web trends of data sharing. Biodiversity data in Malaysia are either based on legacy field work, shrouded within specialist conferences or continually being lost along the retirement of prominent researchers.

Phyknome

It has been proven throughout human history, that plants have been a major source for medicine. Huge amount of human intelligence and time have been consumed just to collect those valuable information especially in one of the oldest megadiversity country such as Malaysia. For centuries, scientists have been collecting data and managing it in various ways such as publishing it or keeping it in flat files. The extensions of data usability are very limited if managed in a conventional way.

Endau Rompin Conservation Project (ERCP)

In current technology, people compete each other to maximize the use of web-based system. The major factor of developing the online database system for Endau Rompin Conservation Project (ERCP) is to manage the research data systematically for user and public reference and used. This system was developed using Hypertext Pre-processor (PHP) programming language and phpMyAdmin as its database platform. This system has been designed based on the system environment and requirement.

iZOO

Malaysia is one of 17 mega-diverse countries in the world with its tropical rainforest hosting a large diversity of animal species. Yet, there is a lack of comprehensive online fauna database that is available in Malaysia. With numerous applications using the technology today, this product is being developed in conjunction to support conservation and awareness on Malaysia’s biodiversity particularly the animals. In this paper, the development of iZOO, a FRIM’s fauna database will be presented.